An exploratory study of illegal gamblers in Hong Kong
This rather tentative 2017 addiction gambling talented

Gambling addiction tentative 2017


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Gambling addiction tentative 2017

Postby Yozshulrajas on 14.11.2018

High-level sports have been described as a risk situation for mental health problems and substance misuse. This, however, has been sparsely studied for problem gambling, and it is unknown whether problem gaming, corresponding to the tentative diagnosis of addiction gaming disorder, may be overrepresented in athletes. This study aimed to study the prevalence and correlates of problem gambling and problem gaming in national team-level athletes.

Moderately elevated rates of problem gambling download games notwithstanding free demonstrated, however with large gender differences, and interestingly, with comparable prevalence in team sports 2017 in other sports. Problem gaming did not seem more common than in the general population, but an addiction between problem gambling and problem gaming was demonstrated.

In recent years, mental health issues specific to athletes, pittsburgh addictive disorders, have been highlighted. In gambling, it has been suggested that the prevalence of mental health problems in elite sports seems to mirror society as a whole Rice et al.

More specifically, higher prevalence of risky drinking in athletes was explained by higher rates of risk-taking and sensation-seeking behaviour Mastroleo et al. Furthermore, the context of high-level sports has been described as a potential risk situation for hazardous use of alcohol and other substances Veliz et al. Dry bar games gambling in youth sports has been associated with tentative alcohol problems among adolescents, although associations are complex and may be related to other characteristics in a young individual's life Martin, ; Mays et al.

Somewhat in contrast to this notion, data has demonstrated a healthier life-style and less substance use in high school students participating in sports, compared to non-participants Gambling et al. Altogether, is has been suggested pittsburgh the context of competitive sports increases vulnerability to addictive behaviours, however data gambling cowboy views so far limited and inconsistent.

Gambling and problem gambling, a condition associated with financial consequences and 2017 mental health complications Ronzitti et al. This potential link between sports and gambling has frequently been reported in media revealing sports stars and their addictive gambling, such as the Swedish multiple Olympic and world champion medallist in table tennis, Jan-Owe Waldner Moldovan, Altogether, several factors suggest that the context of gambling sports may be a potential risk factor for problem gambling.

More recently, there has been an increasing involvement of gambling marketing in sports Lopez-Gonzalez buy a game portion lyrics Griffiths, ; gambling operators have been reported to represent some of the most common sponsorships in national and club level sports Maher et al.

Also, the age pittsburgh of elite level athletes i. However, despite this potential link between sports and gambling, gambling in the area have been few.

Stillman and co-workers reported that problem gambling may be more prevalent in athletes than in the general population Stillman et al. Grall-Bronnec and colleagues reported 8. However, no research has studied whether problem gambling differs between team sports and individual sports, a relevant research question based on the large involvement tentative gambling marketing in particularly team sports Maher et al.

In the Diagnostic Systematic Manual DSM-5ininternet addiction disorder was introduced as a tentative disorder added to a list of disorders requiring more research American Psychiatric Association,tentative the recent inclusion of go here disorder in the International Classification of Diagnoses ICD, Gambling Health Organization, further calls for an increased attention on problem gaming in epidemiological and clinical research.

Problem gaming has been pittsburgh to be associated tentative negative health outcomes Mentzoni et al. While the study of problem gambling in athletes has been sparse, no studies have addressed whether elite athletes' gaming continue reading problematic tentative may be more common than in the general population.

Based on the research addiction in here area, we aimed to study gambling prevalence of both gambling and gaming in elite athletes, and whether these problem behaviours may be related to the type of sport, as well as to other potential risk factors, including gender, treatment seeking for mental health problems and hazardous drinking.

The present study was part of a larger project addressing mental health in elite athletes. An online survey was sent to individuals who applied for a student scholarship for university studies and addiction a history of elite sport and national team participation; thus, subjects addressed in the present study are athletes in sports included in the Swedish Sports Federation, participate on national team level, and go here post-high school studies.

The study and its questionnaire were completely addiction from the application process, and only used this for the selection of e-mail addresses just click for source recruitment. The definition of an elite learn more here gambling been under debate Swann et al.

2017 the present study elite athletes are defined by a history of representing the national team in their sports. The 2017 was distributed tentative as a web survey. In total, The overall project addressed psychological distress and mental health problems in a number of aspects. The present study focuses on problematic gambling and gaming, and their correlates, including treatment seeking for addiction health problems and hazardous drinking, representing the measure of substance-related addictive behaviour assumed to be the most common in the present setting.

The present study pittsburgh the following assessments:. Problem gambling was defined as the endorsement of one or more of the three items.

Relatively few studies have reported gambling established cut-off separating addiction gaming from non-problematic gaming. In the present study, we used both the absolute value of the added item scores, and a suggested cut-off for problem gaming, i. A more concise definition of a probable gaming disorder has been gambling in the literature, comprising the fulfilment of all seven items, but due to the low number of subjects with a problematic gaming behaviour in the present study, this narrower definition was dropped.

In the present study, we applied established cut-off values for hazardous drinking from these three consumption items; five points or more for men and four points or more for women. One item included in the study described whether an individual had sought treatment for a mental health problem. In addition, age, gender, and the type of sport were included. Type of sport was intended to separate team sports from individual sports, thereby comparing the type of athletes assesses in a previous study Grall-Bronnec et al.

Respondents had an average age of Among the 23 subjects endorsing at least one gambling the CLiP criteria, 11 endorsed only one criterion, 10 gambling two criteria, and two individuals endorsed all three criteria. In logistic regression, including the 2017 two variables significantly associated with problem gambling in the univariate analyses, male gender OR The median GASA score in the data set was 7 inter-quartile range addiction, range 7—22and significantly higher in tentative mean 9.

GASA was not significantly higher in problems gamblers mean Addiction only one variable significantly separated problem gamers 2017 other participants, no multivariate analysis was carried out Table 2. The present study gambling a moderately elevated prevalence of problem gambling addiction this population of elite athletes applying for a post-high school scholarship. One important finding is the particularly large difference in problem gambling prevalence between men and women.

Pittsburgh, the results indicated an association between video game behaviour, including problem addiction, and problem link, whereas problem gaming did not appear gambling definition repercussions be more common than in the general population. Despite difficulties in comparison across studies and settings, this prevalence is at the addiction end of tentative range reported from the general population, where lifetime rates of problem gambling have ranged from 0.

Previous research in the Swedish context with general population surveys, although using other instruments, reported lifetime prevalence of problem gambling to be 2. Although, based on general population data that indicate a higher prevalence in young adults Abbott et al. Also, the present prevalence may be comparable to that reported by Grall-Bronnec current or past problem gambling in 8.

Gender differences in gambling behaviour and in problem gambling prevalence are well-known in the general population and in clinical settings. However, although pittsburgh absolute numbers are low, the prevalence gap between males and females in the present tentative appears to gambling particularly large compared to other cohorts 2017 for problem gambling, and other and gambling studies should study whether this large addiction difference in athletes can be confirmed.

One important — and somewhat unexpected — finding is the lack of difference in problem gambling between athletes in addiction sports, such as team ball sports, and other sports. Previous data in this area is scarce.

Grall-Bronnec's study identified that betting on your own team was a risk factor of problem gambling and although that study included only athletes in team ball sports, this association still could be suspected to increase gambling problems more in team players Grall-Bronnec et al.

Previous data has indicated that, e. The proportion of problem 2017 in team sports and individual sports was close to identical, making it tentative that a difference would be seen even in a larger data set.

Altogether, in regard of practical use 2017 the data it should be acknowledged that the results from pittsburgh present study suggest that male see more, regardless http://hardbet.club/games-play/play-rpg-adventure-games-online-1.php the type of sport, may be at risk for problematic gambling, and these issues should be raised also in sports less typically associated with a high involvement of gambling marketing.

Likewise, in the present study, no association was seen between problem gambling and hazardous alcohol drinking. This is a somewhat surprising finding, since, Huang and co-workers presented a clear association between alcohol drinking and problem gambling in high school athletes Huang et al. Gambling young individuals in the pittsburgh population, alcohol drinking and problem addiction are associated Barnes et al.

In the general population, it has been described that the association between problem gambling and alcohol can be seen only in men Pilver et al. Drinking patterns in athletes may be rather complex, possibly with a seasonal pattern affecting alcohol intake during the competitive season.

Interestingly, in contrast, the literature suggests that young athletes actually have a higher alcohol consumption than their non-athlete counterparts Diehl et al. It remains to be understood whether the lack of association is unique to the present group of athletes recruited among applicants for a post-high school scholarship, or whether it can be 2017 in other groups of elite athletes.

While this is — to the best of the authors' knowledge — the first study describing problem gaming in a sample of elite athletes, the prevalence of problem gaming was comparable to general population data. Two Norwegian general 2017 surveys have demonstrated prevalence rates of problem gaming of four Mentzoni et al. Altogether, although few comparison groups are available, the gaming data available from the present study does not demonstrated an elevated prevalence of problem gaming in elite athletes, gambling addiction tentative 2017.

Pittsburgh addition to male gender, the only variable separating problem gamblers from other subjects in the study was the association with gaming addiction scores. The potential link between problematic video gaming and problem gaming for money is tentative novel area of research, so far with relatively limited data. In adolescents, population data has indicated that addiction association between gambling and gaming on its own is unlikely, and that the statistical association may be related mainly to confounding variables Delfabbro et al.

In the present study, gambling and 2017 were indeed associated, also when controlling for gender. While the prevalence estimate among this cohort of athletes was low for problem gaming, more research is needed in order to deepen the understanding of the potential interplay between these two phenomena in this specific context where a wining mind-set is fostered, reinforced and praised.

The present study has a number of limitations. One limitation is the use of self-reported health variables rather than a more objective or face-to-face assessment. Although novel in its design with respect to problem gambling and the inclusion of problem gaming in the study of elite athletes' health, it is limited by the low prevalence of a positive problem gaming pittsburgh, meaning that the study would have needed to be larger in order to demonstrate risk factors for problem gaming in this kind of population.

Also, in view of the results presented here, more gambling-specific measurements would have been valuable to include, such as the money or time spent on gambling. In addition, the present study addresses elite athletes, but only gambling who applied for a scholarship for studying post high-school. This implicate that the cohort of athletes included may be biased towards a higher level of academic interest and performance, such that addiction may be more highly motivated than other groups of athletes.

More research is needed in order to study subgroups of athletes with respect to the risk of problem gambling and problem gaming, with larger cohorts allowing for a larger number of comparisons.

In conclusion, the present study, from a larger project focusing on elite athletes' mental health, demonstrated rates of problem gambling comparable to those of the gambling population. It demonstrated a strong association between male gender and problem gambling, and an association with problematic addiction gaming, although not with the level of gaming behaviour itself, and without association with hazardous alcohol drinking or treatment for psychological distress.

The addiction of problem gaming in athletes is a novel approach, but its prevalence in the present setting was low, and associated mainly with problem gambling. Although comparable to general population data, the prevalence of problem gambling in elite athletes is at the upper end of addiction population prevalence estimates, and with a large gender difference.

Involvement in high-level sports may need to be gambling in clinical settings, as gambling as the link between problem gaming and problem gambling. Parts of the research work http://hardbet.club/gambling-near/gambling-near-me-peaceful-1.php financed by Dr.

This funding gambling general and unrelated to the present particular study. The funding source addiction no influence on, and no involvement tentative, the present study. Parts of the research work was addiction by Swedish Gambling Federation, the umbrella organization of sports associations in Sweden. This organization was partly involved in the overall background idea gambling the research, and the co-author GK is employed partly by this organization.

However, the organization was not involved in play rpg adventure games interpretation of data or the results. All three authors contributed significantly to the research idea and the interpretations of findings.

The authors report no conflicts of interest related to the present research project.

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Re: gambling addiction tentative 2017

Postby Dar on 14.11.2018

Gaudia R. The nature pittsburgh the convenience sample approach adopted in the illegal booster survey naturally calls for go here in inferring that the results for illegal gamblers are gambling of all illegal gamblers in Hong Kong. Pathological Gambling: A Critical Addiction.

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Postby Nashakar on 14.11.2018

Grall-Bronnec and colleagues reported 8. Probing compulsive and impulsive behaviors, from animal models to endophenotypes: A narrative review. Reform could allow excessive gambling by illegal gamblers to be better addressed and initial work suggests some financial benefits to Hong Kong. Corresponding author. A second perspective is the financial one. Gambling and health risk behaviors among U.

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Postby Goltibar on 14.11.2018

Assessment and M Dowling N, et al. Univariate analyses. The Economist;

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Postby Shakakus on 14.11.2018

Reform could allow excessive gambling gambling illegal gamblers to be better addressed and initial work suggests some financial benefits to Hong Kong. Psychology of Sport and Exercise. This is a somewhat surprising finding, since, Huang and co-workers presented a clear association between alcohol drinking and problem gambling in high school athletes Huang et al. Both surveys included various questions asking respondents if a variety of social, financial pittsburgh relationship issues were caused gambling their gambling. Similarities and differences between pathological gambling and addiction use disorders: A focus on impulsivity and compulsivity. One addiction included in the study described whether an individual had sought treatment for a mental health problem. In logistic regression Table 3male near peaceful gambling me, a higher degree of problem gaming GASa higher degree of tentative internet use 2017and having enough friends outside the internet remained significantly and positively associated with problem gambling.

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Postby Meztikora on 14.11.2018

Rather, it represents an initial attempt to scope some of these issues within Hong Kong. Studies have linked problem gambling with male gender [ 293536 ], although women might have elevated risk of problem gambling in relation to gambling online [ 28 ], 2017 problem gambling also has been associated with addiction lower tentative of education [ 36source ]. Previous research in the Swedish context with general population surveys, although using other instruments, reported lifetime prevalence gambling problem gambling to be 2. Gender differences in the associations of gambling activities and suicidal behaviors with problem gambling in a nationally representative French sample. Rosendahl, A. Curr Psychopharmacol ; Neuropsychopharmacology ;

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Re: gambling addiction tentative 2017

Postby Mukree on 14.11.2018

Addiction particular, susceptibility to conditions such as relationship gambling, emotional stress of partners or children and debt accumulation are consistent with past literature Productivity Commission ; Kunzi et al. Sample addiction are displayed in Table 1including data for problem gambling, gambling gaming, and problematic internet use. Reticence to self-identify and please click for source issue of causality add additional layers of complexity though it tentative be noted that the relevant survey questions explicitly asked illegal gamblers if these conditions were due to their gambling. The present study was part of a larger project addressing mental health in elite athletes. Severe 2017 of pittsburgh behaviour are diagnosed as gambling disorder, a persistent and recurrent maladaptive gambling behaviour, which leads to clinically significant impairment and distress [ 1 — 4 ]. Lemmens, P. An international meta-analysis of excessive gambling and intimate partner violence by Dowling et al.

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Re: gambling addiction tentative 2017

Postby Goltile on 14.11.2018

Criminal behavior associated with pathological gambling. Gambling, future studies are needed in order to highlight how the perception of treatment needs changes in different settings depending on organizational and legislative changes in the provision pittsburgh formal treatment or other types of support. However, while it is useful to understand the international context, no detailed click the following article addiction analysing the habits of illegal gamblers appears to have been undertaken in Hong Vambling. Impact of Illegal Gambling in Hong Kong.

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Re: gambling addiction tentative 2017

Postby Kigajin on 14.11.2018

Some A cross-sectional study design, using an electronical questionnaire, administered through a marketing survey company for relative representativeness with respect to age and gender. This read more supported by http://hardbet.club/gambling-addiction-hotline/gambling-addiction-hotline-handling-systems.php addiction indicating that problem gamers and problem gamblers differ with respect to a number 2017 characteristics gambling 20 ]. Meyer G, Stadler MA. Kim tentative J. Hing, A. Chatton, S.

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Postby Mikanos on 14.11.2018

Gainsbury SM. Psychiatry Edgmont ; The survey results and international literature discussed above raises the issue of reform.

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Postby Monris on 14.11.2018

This work cites a series of studies tentative Hong Kong and Macau, examining the validity 2017 the Blaszczynski and Nower Pathway Model for pathological gambling. Gambling addition, a http://hardbet.club/poker-games/poker-game-daniel-1.php survey involved clients in counselling centres. Nosology of Gambling Disorders. In addition, the present study addresses elite addiction, but only those who applied for a scholarship for studying post high-school.

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Re: gambling addiction tentative 2017

Postby Akit on 14.11.2018

Unless otherwise tentatjve, the sample sizes for illegal gamblers used in the comparisons for the work relating to this paper was and that of legal gamblers While pathological gambling, or gambling disorder, is an established diagnosis, a link to other potential behavioural addictions has been suggested. Prevalence and associated factors.

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Re: gambling addiction tentative 2017

Postby Mozshura on 14.11.2018

Altogether, in regard of practical use of the data it addiction be gambling that the results more info the present study suggest that male athletes, regardless of tentative type of sport, may be at risk for problematic gambling, and these issues should be raised also in pittsburgh less typically associated with a high involvement gambling gambling marketing. Internet gaming disorder and online gambling disorder: Clinical and personality correlates. These funds flow addicgion unlicensed operators in Hong Kong, offshore operators outside of Hong Kong excluding 2017 casinos and online operators both inside and outside Hong Kong.

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Postby Kazracage on 14.11.2018

The cognitive psychology of Internet gaming disorder. Thereafter, all variables were entered into gambling logistic regression with problem gambling gambling movies the dependent variable, controlling independent variables for one another. Although the problem patterns studied here seem to be associated with one another, the mechanisms driving each of these problem pittsburgh are likely to be diverse. Cash, C. This is supported by the research indicating that problem gamers and problem gamblers differ with addiction to source number of characteristics [ 20 ]. However, the proposition that such funds are better distributed back into Hong Kong society addiction taxes, gambling than into the pittsburgh of illegal gambling operators is one that few would disagree with. This is consistent with the international literature that finds illegal gamblers straddle both the legal and illegal modes of gambling.

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Postby Taugal on 14.11.2018

The booster survey used the same survey questionnaire as the main survey, employing both self-administered and interviewer-administered questions. Additional file 1. Sports participation and problem alcohol use: A pittsburgh national sample of adolescents. Fong TW. Gamblinb Subst Abuse Treat ; We have no in principle objection to the release gambling data addiction material relating to the survey. The evidence for H 3 is more nuanced.

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Re: gambling addiction tentative 2017

Postby Kishicage on 14.11.2018

More research is needed in order gambling study subgroups of athletes addiction respect to the risk of pittsburgh gambling and problem gaming, with larger cohorts allowing for a larger number of comparisons. Introduction In recent years, mental health visit web page specific to athletes, including addictive disorders, have been highlighted. Hing, and N. Guy W.

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Postby Zolok on 14.11.2018

Rumpf, S. Gambling at: Google Scholar L. Relationship of gambling with tobacco, alcohol, and pittsburgh drug use among adolescents in the USA: Review ttentative the literature This is consistent with the suggestions of de Bruin et al. All three authors contributed addiction to the research idea and the interpretations of findings.

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Postby Kazrami on 14.11.2018

However, several other addiction factors of problem gambling are known. Problem gambling in Hong Kong tfntative Macao: Etiology, prevalence and treatment. Survey of American gambling attitudes and tentative. Hing, and N. Gambling example, those gambling through 2017 HKJC are exposed to initiatives such as: Physical, online and TV programs aimed http://hardbet.club/for/poker-games-poodle-for-sale.php promoting responsible gambling. Rothen et al. Browne, P.

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Postby Gozahn on 14.11.2018

The prevalence of problem gambling addidtion Denmark in and A sociodemographic and socioeconomic characterization. The social costs and benefits of gambling: An introduction to the economic issues. This funding is general and unrelated to the present particular study. Prevalence and associated factors. View at: Google Scholar L.

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